Dapps Primer

Dapps are decentralized applications that are integrated into a blockchain such as Ethereum’s blockchain. Dapps are open source, autonomous, and with no person or organization controlling the majority of the servers running the decentralized application.

Currently, the most well known Dapp is Bitcoin. However, Bitcoin is limited to keeping track of a ledger that pertains to transactions of value contained in the coins Bitcoin offers. This is a very limited use of blockchain technology, and is only one of many successful Dapps.

From the Dapp user’s perspective, dapps can have nothing to do with tokens or coins. Recently, blockchain tech includes certificate authentication, national election validation, and property title recording.

Dapps excel in providing publicly verifiable information, and creating immutable, uncensorable information. Imagine a Facebook, Twitter or Instagram that could not be censored. That is the power or decentralized applications known as Dapps.

National Elections Using Blockchain

Sierra Leone became the first country to use blockchain tech to record its election results. On March 7, 2018, seventy percent of the country’s polling results were recorded to the blockchain.

The results were stored in an immutable ledger. This provides instant, publicly verifiable, access to election results. The votes themselves were anonymous, so privacy was maintained. Also having the votes stored in an immutable ledger provides security in that the results cannot be modified after reporting. Only the software entering the results at the time of the vote needs locking down, because the results cannot be modified after they are entered.

This is the type of application that Solidity based blockchain apps on the Ethereum blockchain excel at. Transparency of data, publicly verifiable results, and increased user trust in public voting is a great use for the Ethereum blockchain.